This year has seen some incredible discoveries in the field of archaeology – from ancient myths proven true, to evidence of ancient technology, and findings that have solved enduring mysteries, such as the death of Tutankhamen. Here we present what we believe are the top ten archaeological discoveries of 2013, excluding those relating to human origins which will be announced tomorrow.
10. Complete Remains of 2,500-Year-Old Chariot and Two Horses Found in Bulgaria.
9. Archaeologists Discover the Guardians of the ‘Gates of Hell.’
8. Ancient Philosophical Writings Found Hidden Beneath Medieval Text.
7. Archaeologists May Have Found the Tomb of the ‘God King.’
6. Amazing Discovery Reveals How China’s Forbidden City was Built.
5. Extensive Ancient Underground Network Discovered Across Europe.
4. 1,600-Year-Old Goblet Shows Romans Used Nanotechnology.
3. Laser Technology Revealed Surprising New Features of Angkor.
2. Incredible Discovery Reveals Birthplace of Buddha.
1. Mystery of King Tutankhamen’s Death Solved After More than 3,000 Years.
– Read the full story at: Ancient Origins
Originally Posted on Ancient Origins
By April Holloway
According to Scandinavian mythology, the Kraken was a giant sea creature (said to be 1 mile long) believed to eat whales and devour entire ships, and generally described as being similar to an octopus or squid. It was first mentioned in the 13th century Icelandic saga, Örvar-Oddr. Now researchers have found a fossil which they believe relates to this so-called mythical creature.
Two years ago, researchers discovered the remains of a marine lizard which contained a strange pattern believed to have been caused by a Kraken-style octopus. While this conclusion was largely criticized, Professor McMenamin, a palaeontologist at Mount Holyoke College in Massachusetts has cited new fossil discoveries which support the initial hypothesis that a giant octopus or squid once dominated the oceans.
The initial discovery in 2011 consisted of a strange arrangement of vertebrae of a sea reptile called ichthyosaur that lived around 200 to 250 million years ago found in Berlin-Ichthyosaur State Park in Nevada. Professor McMenamin believes that the way the bones were arranged could not have occurred naturally and appears to have been the result of an attack by a much larger predator. If it was done by a Kraken-type squid, it would have needed to be up to 30 meters long –today’s largest giant octopus species are rarely larger than a human being.
The latest finding is believed to be part of the beak of a giant ancient octopus- or squid-type creature, as well as more bones arranged in unusual patterns and shapes which contain sucker markings. Next to the remains of the ichthyosaur was a ‘debris pile’ of scattered bones that were no longer in their correct order within the skeleton.
According to Professor McMenamin, the arrangement of the bones and the positioning of the sucker markings suggest that the reptile was drowned or had its neck snapped. It was then carried away from where it was killed, probably into the Kraken’s lair and dumped, leading to the pile of remains which were found. While some scientists remain skeptical of the theory, it is certainly deserving of further research.
Issue #100 now available – Eastern Mound Builders and the Hopewell – 4 page fold-out centerfold images
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Geophysical Investigations of the Hopewell Earthworks
Discovery of McGruer’s Gods
New Evidence: Poverty Point was Circular
Walking Where Hwui Walked